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Faculty Publication: Roozgard, Barzigar, Cheng, etc al.

Thu, 05/28/2015 - 15:04 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Roozgard, A., Barzigar, N., Wang, S., Jiang, X., & Cheng, S. (2015). Empirical Transition Probability Indexing Sparse-Coding Belief Propagation (ETPI-SCoBeP) Genome Sequence Alignment. Cancer Informatics, 13(Suppl 1), 159-165. doi: 10.4137/cin.s13887^

The advance in human genome sequencing technology has significantly reduced the cost of data generation and overwhelms the computing capability of sequence analysis. Efficiency, efficacy, and scalability remain challenging in sequence alignment, which is an important and foundational operation for genome data analysis. In this paper, we propose a two-stage approach to tackle this problem. In the preprocessing step, we match blocks of reference and target sequences based on the similarities between their empirical transition probability distributions using belief propagation. We then conduct a refined match using our recently published sparse-coding belief propagation (SCoBeP) technique. Our experimental results demonstrated robustness in nucleotide sequence alignment, and our results are competitive to those of the SOAP aligner and the BWA algorithm. Moreover, compared to SCoBeP alignment, the proposed technique can handle sequences of much longer lengths.

 

Faculty Publication: Condren et al.

Wed, 05/27/2015 - 15:00 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Condren, M. E., & Desselle, S. P. (2015). The Fate of Pediatric Prescriptions in Community Pharmacies. Journal of Patient Safety, 11(2), 79-88.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe behaviors of community pharmacists related to pediatric prescriptions and examine the effect of demographic and situational factors on behaviors and confidence in performing recommended activities when dispensing medications for pediatric patients.; Methods: The study employed a self-administered survey of community pharmacists in a regional chain. One intervention group attended a live continuing education session. A second intervention group received a dosing guide in the mail. One month after the intervention, both intervention groups and a control group completed the survey.; Results: Sixty pharmacists participated, for a response rate of 61%. Obtaining a weight for a pediatric prescription was reported as difficult by participants, and 60% rarely obtained a weight if one was not provided. Only 32% of participants reported calculating a dose when the weight was available. The majority (92%) of participants stated they were confident in calculating a dose and detecting a dosing error for a child. Only the pharmacist's perception of the organizational culture correlated with their behaviors and level of confidence toward performing the activities surveyed (P < 0.005). Because of the small number of participants in the continuing education program, the impact of the intervention was unable to be measured.; Conclusions: Pharmacists rarely check the accuracy of a weight-based dose for pediatric prescriptions, although they are confident in their ability to do so. Integrating this activity into the pharmacist's workflow and pharmacy culture is critical to reducing pediatric medication errors and promoting patient safety.


 

Faculty Publication: Ciro, Randall, Robinson, Loving, & Shortridge

Tue, 05/26/2015 - 15:20 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Ciro, C., Randall, K., Robinson, C., Loving, G. & Shortridge, A. (2015). Telehealth and Interprofessional Education. OT Practice Magazine, April 27, 7-10.

 

Faculty Publication: DiGiacinto, Bagley, Cook & Anderson

Sun, 05/24/2015 - 15:15 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

DiGiacinto, D., Bagley, J., Cook, S., & Anderson, M. (2015). Bioeffects Reference Tool May Not Improve Sonographers’ Monitoring of Mechanical and Thermal Indices in Obstetric Sonography Examinations. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, 31(3), 150-157. doi: 10.1177/8756479314567308^

 

Faculty Publication: Arthur

Sun, 05/24/2015 - 15:11 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Arthur, A. O. (2015). Innovations in Subcutaneous Infusions. Journal of Infusion Nursing, 38(3), 179-187. doi: 10.1097/nan.0000000000000099^

 

Faculty Publication: Davis & Kendrick

Tue, 05/19/2015 - 16:52 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Davis, N. A., & Kendrick, D. C. (2014). An Analysis of Medication Adherence of Sooner Health Access Network SoonerCare Choice Patients. AMIA ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / AMIA Symposium. AMIA Symposium, 2014, 457-466.

Medication adherence is a desirable but rarely available metric in patient care, providing key insights into patient behavior that has a direct effect on a patient's health. In this research, we determine the medication adherence characteristics of over 46,000 patients enrolled in the Sooner Health Access Network (HAN), based on Medicaid claims data from the Oklahoma Health Care Authority. We introduce a new measure called Specific Medication PDC (smPDC), based on the popular Proportion of Days Covered (PDC) method, using the last fill date for the end date of the measurement duration. The smPDC method is demonstrated by calculating medication adherence across the eligible patient population, for relevant subpopulations over a two-year period spanning 2012 - 2013. We leverage a clinical analytics platform to disseminate adherence measurements to providers. Aggregate results demonstrate that the smPDC method is relevant and indicates potential opportunities for health improvement for certain population segments.


 

Route 66: A String of Pearls - Now on Display

Thu, 05/14/2015 - 09:39 -- aschweikhard

Blog Teaser

Let's all get our kicks on Route 66! Earlier this week, the library opened a new exhibit in our digital gallery.

Route 66: A String of Pearls is the product of the University of Oklahoma Urban Design Studio’s 2014/2015 service learning project. The project was adopted to discover ways to change the perception of Tulsa’s 11th Street section of Route 66 from a negative to a positive image by creating a connected, accessible environment where people can become involved in community activities as well as day-to-day functions.

The Schusterman Library is excited to host the Route 66: A String of Pearls exhibit in our gallery. This exhibit consists of models and renderings submitted to the String of Pearls Design Competition and images from events held in connection with the project. The exhibit is on display through June 21, 2015.

Questions about the exhibit? Contact April Schweikhard by email or at 918-660-3226.

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Faculty Publication: Stamile, Arthur, Figueiredo, Burns, & Gentges

Mon, 05/11/2015 - 15:49 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Stamile, T., Arthur, A. O., Figueiredo, M., Burns, B. D., & Gentges, J. (2015). Utilization and Frequency of Peripheral Intravenous Lines Placed in an Emergency Department. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 48(5), 643. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.04.016^


 

Faculty Publication: Mumma, Arthur, Satterwhite, Haas, Thomas, et al.

Mon, 05/11/2015 - 15:42 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Mumma, S., Arthur, A. O., Satterwhite, A., Haas, T., Thomas, S. H., & Pollack, C. V. (2015). Opioid Treatment Likelihood Varies Between Physicians and Mid-Level Providers in the Emergency Department. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 48(5), 642. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.04.014^

 

Faculty Publication: Hoberecht, Randall, & Schweikhard

Sun, 05/03/2015 - 17:27 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Hoberecht, T., Randall, K., & Schweikhard, A. J. (2015). Library Tutorials in an Allied Health Evidence-Based Practice Class. MEDICAL REFERENCE SERVICES QUARTERLY, 34(2), 240-248.

This column describes a collaboration between faculty members in an Allied Health program and academic librarians to provide information literacy instruction to students enrolled in an evidence-based practice course. The process of collaboration is described beginning with the inception of the idea to collaborate, which grew out of an informal conversation between librarians and Allied Health faculty. Implementation of the project is described as well as future plans for the collaboration. The column also discusses initial impressions of student outcomes as well as plans for a more rigorous study of those outcomes.

 

Faculty Publication: Blumenthal

Sun, 05/03/2015 - 17:14 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Blumenthal, H. (2015). Dr. Nat Blau, The City of London Migraine Clinic and the Esterhazy Orchestra: The American Connection. Headache. doi: 10.1111/head.12567^



    
 

Faculty Publication: Schumann et al.

Wed, 04/22/2015 - 15:32 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Schumann, J. H., & Wallace, E. A. (2015). Pitfalls of Direct-to-Consumer Vascular Screening Tests. American Family Physician, 91(8), 518-520.

 

Faculty Publication: DiGiacinto, Gildon, Stamile, & Aubrey

Wed, 04/08/2015 - 19:51 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

DiGiacinto, D., Gildon, B., Stamile, E., & Aubrey, J. (2015). Weight-Biased Health Professionals and the Effects on Overweight Patients. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, 31(2), 132-135. doi: 10.1177/8756479314557278^

Link to article record in Schusterman Library catalog and possible full-text.

Do you have a publication? Let the library know.

Faculty Publication: Bagley & Davis

Wed, 04/08/2015 - 19:33 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Bagley, J. E., & Davis, M. B. (2015). Cyst of Canal of Nuck. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, 31(2), 111-114. doi: 10.1177/8756479314557277^

 

Faculty Publication: Murray, O'Neal, & Weisz

Wed, 04/08/2015 - 18:17 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Murray, K. A., O’Neal, K. S., & Weisz, M. (2015). Dietary suggestions for migraine prevention. [Article]. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 72(7), 519-521. doi: 10.2146/ajhp130671

Link to article record in Schusterman Library catalog and possible full-text.

Do you have a publication? Let the library know.

Faculty Publication: Escala, Hall, et al.

Wed, 04/01/2015 - 15:55 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Flores, G., Escala, M. K., & Hall, B. G. (2015). Dead wrong: the growing list of racial/ethnic disparities in childhood mortality. The Journal Of Pediatrics, 166(4), 790-793. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.02.001^

 

Faculty Publication: Dadgar et al.

Wed, 04/01/2015 - 15:50 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Herren, C., Sobottke, R., Dadgar, A., Ringe, M. J., Graf, M., Keller, K., . . . Siewe, J. (2015). Peripartum pubic symphysis separation - Current strategies in diagnosis and therapy and presentation of two cases. Injury. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2015.02.030

Background: During spontaneous vaginal delivery, pubic symphyseal widening is normal. Common changes are reversible after complication-free birth. However, cases of peripartum symphysis separation are rare. There is no consensus in the literature on how to treat pregnancy-related pubic symphysis separation.; Methods: This review used a literature-based search (PubMed, 1900-2013) and analysis of 2 own case reports. Studies with conclusions regarding management were particularly considered.; Results: Characteristic symptoms, suprapubic pain and tenderness radiating to the posterior pelvic girdle or lower back, may be noted 48h after delivery. Pain on movement, especially walking or climbing stairs, is often present. Conservative treatments, such as a pelvic brace with physiotherapy and local interventions such as infiltration, are successful in most cases. Symptom reduction within 6 weeks is the most common outcome, but can take up to 6 months in some cases. Surgical intervention is needed in cases of persistent separation. Anterior plate fixation is offered as a well-known and safe procedure. Minimally invasive SI joint screw fixation is required in cases of combined posterior pelvic girdle lesions.; Summary: Postpartum symphyseal rupture can be indicated with the rare occurrence of pelvic pain post-delivery, with sciatica or lumbago and decreased mobility. The diagnosis is made on clinical findings, as well as radiographs of the pelvic girdle. Conservative treatment with a pelvic brace is the gold standard in pre- and postpartum cases of symphysis dysfunction.; Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

 

Faculty Publication: Ivins et al.

Thu, 03/26/2015 - 15:09 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Ivins, D., Blackburn, B., Peterson, L. E., Newton, W. P., & Puffer, J. C. (2015). A Majority of Family Physicians Use a Hospitalist Service When Their Patients Require Inpatient Care. Journal Of Primary Care & Community Health, 6(2), 70-76. doi: 10.1177/2150131914555016^

Background:The hospitalist movement in the United States has risen in prominence over the past 2 decades with more physicians practicing as hospitalists. Our objective was to examine different strategies used by family physicians when their patients require inpatient care. Methods: Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey of physicians accessing the American Board of Family Medicine Web site in 2011 and the 2011 Area Resource File. Logistic regression assessed for associations between using hospitalists, managing inpatients personally, or with a group partner, and then comparing and contrasting these physicians with health care market characteristics. Results: A total of 3857 physicians had data on practice characteristics and could be geocoded to their county of residence. Compared with other physicians meeting inclusion criteria in the American Board of Family Medicine database, our sample was slightly older and more likely to be female. In all, 54% of respondents reported using hospitalist services while 18% reported managing hospitalized patients themselves. Respondents more likely to use hospitalist services were female and resided in urban areas. However, one third of these physicians living in isolated rural areas reported using hospitalist services. Respondents more likely to personally manage their patients in the hospital were more likely to be male and an international medical graduate. The likelihood of using hospitalist services increased with higher availability of hospitalist services. Conclusions: Overall, a majority of family physicians are using hospitalist services. Family physicians seem more likely to use hospitalist services when they are available which may lead to fragmentation of care.


 

Faculty Publication: Malgor et al.

Sun, 03/22/2015 - 18:34 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Malgor, R. D., Gloviczki, P., Fahrni, J., Kalra, M., Duncan, A. A., Oderich, G. S., . . . Driscoll, D. (2015). Surgical treatment of varicose veins and venous malformations in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Phlebology / Venous Forum Of The Royal Society Of Medicine.

Background: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a mixed mesenchymal malformation characterised by varicose veins, venous and capillary malformations, and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes in KTS patients to provide standards for comparison with endovenous therapy.; Methods: The clinical data of consecutive patient with KTS who underwent open venous surgical treatment between January 1987 and December 2008 were reviewed. Demographics, clinical presentation, operative data, and clinical outcomes were recorded. Follow-up information was obtained from the medical records, mailed questionnaires and phone calls. Descriptive statistics, the Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank statistics were used where appropriate.; Results: Twenty-seven females and 22 males, (mean age 26.5 years, range 7.7-55.8) were included in this study. All had varicose veins, 36 (73%) had limb hypertrophy, and 33 (67%) had capillary malformations, with two of three clinical features present in all. The most frequent symptom was pain (N = 43, 88%). Forty-nine patients underwent operations on 53 limbs. Stripping of the GSV, small and accessory saphenous and lateral embryonic veins was performed in 17 (32%), 10 (19%), 9 (17%), and 15 (28%) limbs, respectively. Two patients developed deep vein thrombosis, one had pulmonary embolism (PE), and one patient had peroneal nerve palsy. Freedom from disabling pain at 1, 3 and 5 years was 95%, 77% and 59%, respectively, and freedom from secondary procedures was 78% at 3 years, and 74% at 5 years. At the last follow-up visit, the venous clinical severity score had decreased from 9.48 ± 3.27 to 6.07 ± 3.20 (P < 0.001).; Conclusions: In selected symptomatic patients with KT syndrome, open surgical treatment is safe and durable. Three-fourths of the patients remain free of disabling pain at five years, but secondary procedures are required in one-fourth of the patients. These data can serve as standards for comparison of endovenous therapy for KT syndrome.

 

Faculty Publication: Fox, Gomez, & Munoz

Sun, 03/22/2015 - 18:25 -- kcrotty

Blog Teaser

Fox, M. D., Gomez, M. R., & Munoz, R. T. (2015). Just Deserts or Icing on the Cake? Addressing the Social Determinants of Health. [Article]. American Journal of Bioethics, 15(3), 42-44. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2014.998383^

 

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